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Raising chickens in June: 20 tasks for this month in the coop.

For our friends in the southern hemisphere.

This article is written with the northern hemisphere in mind.

If you're in the southern hemisphere and dealing with more or less the opposite type of weather to this article, try using my tasks for whichever month comes closest to your season.

You'll find all the links to each month by clicking here.

Welcome to summertime! Days are long, the weather is starting to warm up, and your flock will soon need help to cope!

So this month, we're going to enjoy the extra hours we can spend with our flock, and at the same time start planning for the hotter days ahead.

Why? Because chickens are far less able to cope with the heat than they are with the cold.

Chicken care in June - Pin for later.

1. Plan for the heat!

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The weather in your part of the world may not be terribly hot yet, but it will be soon!

Now's a good time to start planning for the hot summer days before they actually arrive.

Better to be prepared than to risk your chickens' health.

Although chickens are able to survive the cold well, heat is an entirely different issue. It's critically important to be able to detect when the heat is becoming a problem for your flock - and to know what to do about it.

So we'll start this month by learning how to spot and deal with the symptoms of heat stroke. 

What to do.

1. Learn about the 10 signs of heat exhaustion which may affect your flock this year - and what to do about it.

2. Either buy in a stock of electrolytes, or learn how to make and feed your own. Keep the necessary items in your store cupboard.

3. Baby chicks are particularly vulnerable to extremes of heat and cold. If your chicks are old enough to go outside, make sure they have somewhere to shelter away from the sun. 

4. Check your waterers. Are they clean and free from holes? Buy in extras so that, when the heat is on, your flock can be provided with plenty of sources of water in different parts of the run.

Choose the material carefully. Metal will heat the water more quickly, and plastic can degrade in direct sunlight.

A stoneware container like this, placed in a shady spot, is best. 

5. Consider investing now in an inexpensive mister system to set up when the temperatures increase. Don't leave it until the weather is hot - you'll find these  sell out very quickly.

This one is a favourite. It's easily attached by fixing up a rope across your run, or using an existing tree or fence. Clip the mister on above chicken head height.

This simple system can reduce the ambient temperature by around 20 degrees across a ten foot area. It does leave wet patches on the ground - which can help cool your flock's feet!

Use outside only. Using a mister inside the coop itself will lead to damp conditions - and that's potentially more harmful than the heat.

A hen wades through water in a field.Patches of water from a mister - they can help your chickens' feet keep cool!

2. Check ventilation.

Are you in my newsletter group? If so, you'll be able to download your simple checklist for this month's tasks from the newsletter which comes to you in the first week of the month.

If you're not in my newsletter group - why not join? You'll get a free checklist of tasks every month!  Click here for more information.

As the weather warms up, and given that chickens poop a lot, there's a danger that moisture can build up in the air during the summer months.

And moist air does not go well with chickens. They have a delicate respiratory system with very thin air sacs which can easily become compromised.

Ammonia from a build-up of warm air and poop can damage the protective cells of the windpipe, making it easy for bacteria to invade(1).

So it's essential that your coop has excellent ventilation - all year round, and particularly in the summer months.

What to do.

6. Check the ventilation in your coop is not blocked by dirt which has built up during the winter months. Clean if necessary so that there is a good flow of air.

7. Consider fixing a slider system to any existing windows in your coop so that air can circulate freely in the summer, and in the winter they can be closed to prevent drafts.

This video is a good example of the kind of system that works well.


8. If you have electricity in your coop, consider installing a low speed fan - turbo-fans are too powerful for what's needed here. Place it above the heads of the chickens - having it at chicken height will be uncomfortable for them. Something like this is a good solution.

9. Make sure all openings are covered in hardware cloth (UK - galvanised mesh). Half inch square is the maximum size you should look for. It's inexpensive, and it could save your chickens' lives.

Chicken wire is not strong enough to deter determined predators!

10. Consider using sand in the coop during the summer months. The chickens love keeping cool by dust-bathing in it, and there's no doubt it keeps the coop at a much cooler temperature than bedding such a straw. It has the added advantage of vastly reducing the number of flies hanging round the coop, which makes it a much more pleasant environment for humans and chickens alike.

And it's fun finding those chicken-tracks, too!

A Red Star chicken dust-bathing in sand.Dust-bathing in sand - what could be cooler on a hot summer's day?!

3. Get rid of mites!

Last month we covered lice. This month it's mites!

As the weather warms up, these little blighters start to multiply and before you know it, you can have an infestation spreading very rapidly through your flock.

Feeding off your chickens' blood, they can cause severe problems within your flock including falling egg production and anaemia which, in young or vulnerable birds, can ultimately cause death.

The red chicken mite.The red chicken mite, engorged on blood after a chicken feast.

What to do.

11. Check your flock once a week during the summer months. In particular, look for large grey-white clumps at the base of feathers, particularly around the vent area.

12. You won't see mites moving during the day - they tend to hide in the nooks and crannies of your coop and come out at  night. Try running a piece of white paper along the bottom of perches, or in places where the perch meets the wall. If the paper comes away red, you have mites.

13. You'll need to deep clean the entire coop, burning all bedding and disinfecting nest boxes, roosts, walls and floors - anywhere mites may hide.

14. For a heavy infestation you may need to use chemicals to cleanse the coop. Otherwise, there are natural ways to get rid of mites including using predator insects, food grade diatomaceous earth and wood ash. 

15. Growing peppermint, garlic and lemongrass can be useful too. Sprinkle the dried leaves in nest boxes and bedding. These herbs won't get rid of an infestation, but they're said to keep mites at bay. At the very least they'll make your coop smell heavenly!

16. For detailed information about how to spot, treat and prevent mites in your coop, take a look at this article.


4. Look after those chicks.

If you hatched or bought chicks in April or May, they'll be at least a month old by now. Soon, if the weather in your area permits it, they'll be ready to go outside - if they're not already there.

Even very young chicks enjoy being outside for an hour or two, as a break from the brooder. But if you're brooding them in your home, you'll soon tire of the smell - and the noise. Time to think about them going outside not for a short break but for good.

But before they do, you need to prepare for their departure from the brooder.

Chicks in the brooder.Brooded in my spare bathroom, ready for the great outdoors - and I was ready to see them go!

What to do.

17. Don't put your chicks outside if it's snowing, if they're still even partly covered in down (as opposed to being fully feathered) or if they're less than four weeks old. They can go outside for short periods as a change from the brooder, but they must not live outside until they're fully feathered.

18. Do not put baby chicks into the same run as adult hens - there's a good chance they'll be killed. Chicks raised by a broody hen are a different matter - she will protect them. But babies hatched in an incubator or bought from a hatchery or feed store are not able to protect themselves - and adults don't take kindly to "intruders" in the flock. Make sure they're big enough to take care of themselves before putting them outside.

19. Plan, plan, plan. How and where will you contain them while keeping them separate from the adults until they're big enough? Are there predators in you area, and if so how will you protect the chicks? Chicks become very good at learning to fly - how will you stop them literally flying the nest?

20. For much more detailed information about moving baby chicks outside, see this article.

A Polish chick in the great outdoors for the first time.One of my Polish chicks enjoying a taste of the great outdoors for the first time.

When you've considered and undertaken all these tasks, your chickens should be healthy and happy this month.

Enjoy June with your flock!


If you enjoyed this article, you'll like these!

Raising Chickens, month by month tasks - link.
When to move chicks from incubator to brooder - link.
How to spot heat stroke in chickens - link.
Frozen treats to keep your flock cool in summer - link.
Is a rooster good for your hens? - link.
Good husbandry for chickens - what is it? Link.

Sources.

A lot of "facts" you'll find on the internet are often people's individual views, often based on inaccurate information repeated from poor quality sources.

The information I provide in this article and others is based not just on my own experience, but on evidenced facts from scientific, peer-reviewed research and evidence from highly respected and experienced poultry keepers such as Gail Dammerow.

Some of the sources I have used are these - click the link to read the full document:

1. Shankar, B. P: Common Respiratory Diseases of Poultry. Pub. Veterinary World, 2007.


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Link to Raising Happy Chickens home page.